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Full text of "Pekin hospital, Pekin, China. Report of Boudinot C. Atterbury .."

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ffEKiN Hospital, 




"JPrpsftghrian JJBoarb of ^orpign JflBissions 

■ - - 



Pekin, August 1st, 1886. 

The completion of our new buildings marks au ad- 
vance in the medical work of this hospital. The work 
was commenced in the fall of 1880, A building back of 
the street chapel in the " Crooked Pipe Stem Street" was 
used as a dispensary : and another building was soon 
secured for temporary use as a hospital. In March of the 
present year building operations were begun on commo- 
dious structures for permanent use. 

The position of the hospital is most advantageous — 
near the gate of " Peaceful Tranquility," in the western 
part of the city. It is three miles from the foreigner's 
quarter. The accompanying plan and pictures will give 
an idea of the size of the grounds and the general charac- 
ter of the buildings. The wards, at present three in 
number, are arranged on the " pavilion plan," and accom- 
modate ten patients each. Friends who have contributed 
to their erection have named them respectively the 
"Douw," "Bakewell" and " Dodge" pavilions. The first 
is intended for female patients; and the founder, Miss 
Douw, of Albany, N. Y., also contributes towards the 
salary of a lady physician for the work. 












Presbyterian Mission, Pek:in 


Gate to Hospital. 


Douw Pavilion, 


Rooms for Students. 


Bakevvell Pavilion. 


Assistant's House. 


Opium Refuge. 


Dodge Pavilion. 


Operating and Reception Rooms 


Cook House. 


Doctor's House. 




Doctor's Gate. 

The following table shows the number of patients, 
new and old, treated in the dispensary since Dr. Atter- 
bury's return, Oct. 1885 : 

1885. 1886. 
November, 702. March, 1181. 
December, 780 April, 1140. 

1886. May, 959. 
January, 95(1. June, 970. 
February, 730. July, 955. 

Total for nine mouths, 8373. 

The number of cases received into the hospital from 
November to March was 52. Since that time, on account 
of building, in-patients have not been taken. These cases 
represent all varities of disease and injury, and a detailed 
account is carefully kept. 

The poor we have always with us, whether living in 
christian America or heathen China. But the contrast 
between what is done for the unfortunate in New York, 
with its thirty or more well equipped hospitals and 
numerous asylums, and what the followers of Confucius 
and Buddha do for the relief of suffering in Pekin is very 
great. Many cases might be mentioned illustrating this 
difference. Thus, a short time ago, a boy fourteen years 
old was brought to the hospital by a missionary who had 
found him lying in the streets. The little fellow's history 
was a sad one. His parents, thinking that they were too 
poor to feed him, had taken him when four years old to 
the city and deliberately left him on one of the principal 
thoroughfare?!. Like thousands of other waifs he never 
had known a friend and had to support himself by begging, 
sleeping at night iu some alley or doorway. Meeting 
with an accident which prevented his moving around, he 
lay in a vacant space until found by the missionary and 
carried to a foreign doctor. In all this city there was not 
a single native asylum where he could be cared for. And 
such instances are innumerable. 

But even if the Chinese should wish to extend medical 
and surgical relief to the ueedy,the requisite knowledge and 
resources are utterly inadequate. Those who believe that 
the brains are situated in the stomach cannot be expected 
to treat intelligently the least important ailments. In 
surgery also the lack of all anatomical knowledge and the 
superstitious dread of entering the future state maimed in 
any way, prevents advance in this direction. Thus a man 
whose wrist was crush* ed by one of the gates of the city, 
even while it was hanging to the arm by a few shreds and 
when a slight cut with the knife would have given a 
chance for life, preferred death to such mutilation, and 
would not allow Dr. Atterbury to do anything. Even the 
loss of a tooth is often regarded with horror, and if ex- 
tracted it is carefully carried away to be put into the 
patient's coffin at burial. 

The connection between medical work and christian 
teaching is most close. The latter is introduced by 
the former, made possible hj it, depends largely on it for 
.success. While the medical work is but introductory to 
the work of the ordained missionary, it is the more im- 
portant because it is the beginning. The great need of 
missionary work in China is to overcome the prejudices of 
the nation, and to obtain a favorable hearing for the doc- 
trines. This is best accomplished by treating the suffer- 
ing bodies ; and this in close and evident connection with 
the teaching of the missionary's Bible. The hospital with 
the chapel adjoining is the true plan for missionary work 

in China. 

With the new buildings and enlarged facilities the 
usefulness of this hospital will be greatly increased. No 
city presents such opportunities for medical work as 
Pekin. As the capital of the Empire, it attracts to itself 
officials, students, merchants, and travellers from all the 
Eighteen Provinces and the Tributary States. On its 

streets can be seen Coreans, Thibetans, and Mongolians. 
The hospital attracts this floating population, and many- 
receive the doctor's medicines and books who would 
never enter a preaching chapel ; while all carry to their 
homes full accounts of what they see and hear in the 
great metropolis. We hope to have thoroughly equipped 
buildings and a medical school, which will worthily re- 
present to these strangers our religion and our civiliza- 

A good beginning has been made ; but still much 
remains to be done. The medical class has five students, 
and others are constantly asking to be admitted. More 
suitable buildings for this purpose and a chapel capable 
of holding two hundred persons are needed, besides extra 
pavilions as the work enlarges. The running expenses 
amount to nearly $3,000 a year, and must in some way be 
met. The new grounds and buildings have cost about 
$11,000, all paid for. It is now hoped that many will be 
found willing to contribute what is lacking for the main- 
tenance of the work. Frequent reports will be sent to 
donors as to the us* made of what money they may 

Those interested in this hospital can contribute to- 
wards any of the following objects : — 

A chapel costing, $2,500 00 

Pavilion for males or females, . 2,500 00 

A scholarship for Medical School, (yearly), 60 00 

A free bed in one of the wards, (yearly), 40 00 

The support of a dispensary in some neighboring 

town • • " 1500 ° 

The donor of any of these amounts, can by naming 
the object of his charity, have it serve as a memorial of 
self or friends. Contributions can be sent either to Mr. 
Rankin, Treasurer, Presbyterian Board of Missions, 23 
Centre Street; or Eev. Anson P. Atterbury, 415 West 87th 

Street, New York City. 




Pbesbytebiak Chobi h. [ 

M Center St.. New York, Nov, 8th. 1886, ) 

I know of no form of missionary work which is to be more highly 
commended than thai which has-been undertaken by Dr. B. C. Atter- 
bury in Pekin. During his seven years service he has nearly completed 
hospital buildings at a cost of $11,000. Under date of September 16th he 
writ.'- aa follows: ■•'I'lio new buildings are almost completed, and are 
admirably adapted tothe purpose intended. A space is reserved in the 
grounds tor a Woman's Hospital and a Medical School. Already eight 
students are hard at work preparing for the practice of medicine." 
Dr. Atterbury is obliged to use a papier-mache manikin to illustrate 
the organs and functions of the human body, as dissection is not yet 
allowed in China. As yet everything is on a limited scale and several 
thousand dollars are wanted before the hospital can accomplish the 
work which it ought to do. Only our in a hundred of those who ought 
to receive benefit can lie accommodated, anil while a well qualified 
physician is on the ground, it seems butapoor economy of resources 
that he should be compelled to work without thorough equipments and 

complete accomi lal ions, AH who are interested in this grand work, 

grand oven in its humanitarian aspects aside from its great religious 
ends and aims, will lind a golden opportunity to make their influence 

felt by ronlribuling to the < plote osta,b'ishment of this institution. 

Then- is no nobler charity in our favored cities than that which opens 
the doors of numerous hospitals to the sick and suffering in great East- 
ern cities where no such relief has been known. Probably in New 
York no sufferer sorely wounded or grievously diseased could fail of 
finding some refuge in which his maladies could be treated. But in 
a great city like Pekin tens of thousands suffer thus, with no medical 
skill or comfortable quarters to mitigate their woes. 

I trust that a generous cooperation may be given to Dr. Atterbury 
in this great work, F. F. ELXINWOOD, 

Secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions. 




Subscriptions to Pekin Hospital, 

Cost of new building $11,500. 

Outfit of drugs, etc., about... 2,000. 


Received from 

Estate of Hon. S.Wells Williams $ 250. 

Mrs.William E. Dodge 1000. 

Rev. D.Stuart Dodge 500. 

W.E.Dodge, Jr 250. 

Mrs.C.F.Pond 250. 

Mrs. A. 0. Phelps 200. 

Miss Stokes ) 

Miss Carrie Stokes ) 500. 

A.M.Dodge 200. 

Rev.W.W.Atterbury 200. 

Miss Douw 2500. 

Miss M.D.Atterbury 1000. 

Mr, Sz Mrs.B.B.Atterbury 1000. 

D.Willis ffames 500. 

B.C.Atterbury.M.D. ($2,000 for 

drugs) 5000. 


Date Due 

I Demco 293-5 

Accession no. 


Presbyterian church 
Board ...missions. 
Pekin hospital. 

Call no.